اثر ترتیب تمرینات ترکیبی هوازی - مقاومتی همراه با انسداد عروق بر آمادگی جسمانی زنان مسن

نوع مقاله: مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 دانشجوی کارشناسی ارشد فیزیولوژی ورزش، دانشکده علوم ورزشی، دانشگاه حکیم سبزواری، سبزوار، ایران

2 دانشیار گروه فیزیولوژی ورزش دانشگاه حکیم سبزواری، دانشکده علوم ورزشی، سبزوار، ایران

10.22038/jpsr.2020.34581.1846

چکیده

هدف:
ترتیب تمرینات ترکیبی یکی از اصول اساسی تمرین می ­باشد که بخصوص در زنان سالمندان و همراه با محدودیت جریان خون کمتر مورد مطالعه قرار گرفته است. لذا هدف مطالعه حاضر مطالعه اثر ترتیب تمرینات ترکیبی (هوازی – مقاومتی در مقابل مقاومتی- هوازی) در یک جلسه تمرینی همراه با انسداد عروق بر عوامل آمادگی جسمانی زنان مسن بود.
روش بررسی:
چهل نفر زن سالمند سن 60 تا 70 سال به طور تصادفی به دو گروه تمرین ترکیبی و یک گروه کنترل (13 نفر) تقسیم شدند. یکی از گروه­های تمرینی ابتدا تمرین مقاومتی و سپس تمرین هوازی  (14 نفر) و گروه تمرینی دیگر ابتدا تمرین هوازی و سپس تمرین مقاومتی (13 نفر) را انجام دادند. هر دو بخش تمرین هوازی و مقاومتی در یک جلسه و همراه با انسداد عروق انجام شد. کل دوره تمرینی، 12 هفته و سه جلسه در هفته بود.
یافته ها:
نتایج نشان داد که در مورد شاخص توده بدن، دو گروه تمرینی نسبت به گروه کنترل کاهش معنی­داری داشت (0/001>p)، اما این کاهش در گروه تمرین هوازی- مقاومتی بیشتر بود (0/001>p). قدرت بالاتنه و پایین­تنه هر دو گروه تمرینی نسبت به گروه کنترل افزایش معنی­دار داشت (0/001>p)، اما این افزایش در گروه مقاومتی- هوازی بیشتر بود (0/001>p). استقامت عضلانی دو گروه تمرینی نسبت به گروه کنترل افزایش معنی­داری داشت (0/001>p)، اما بین دو گروه تمرینی تفاوت معنی­داری وجود نداشت (0/248<p). ظرفیت هوازی فقط بین گروه تمرین هوازی- مقاومتی با گروه کنترل تفاوت معنی­داری وجود داشت (0/001>p)، در حالی که بین گروه مقاومتی- هوازی با کنترل (0/081=p) و دو گروه تمرینی با یکدیگر تفاوت معنی­داری وجود نداشت (0/05<p).   
نتیجه‌گیری: 
به نظر می ­رسد تمرینات ترکیبی همراه با انسداد عروق صرف نظر از ترتیب آن‌ها به طور موثری باعث بهبود عناصر آمادگی جسمانی زنان سالمند می­شود و تفاوت قابل ملاحظه­ای بین ترتیب این دو نوع تمرین در یک جلسه تمرین وجود ندارد. هر چند چنانچه اهداف تمرینی خاصی مد نظر باشد، ترتیب تمرینات می­تواند تعیین­کننده باشد.

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