بررسی فرضیه‌های مطرح در زمینه علت آسیب ویژه زبانی

نوع مقاله: مقاله مروری

نویسنده

استادیار پژوهشکده زبانشناسی، پژوهشگاه علوم انسانی و مطالعات فرهنگی، تهران، ایران

چکیده

هدف:
از آنجا که هنوز علت آسیب ویژه زبانی شناخته نشده است، در بررسی های مربوط به دوره­ های زمانی مختلف و در زبان های مختلف فرضیه­ های مختلفی در مورد علت آن ارائه شده است. عدم توافق صاحب ­نظران در مورد شناسایی ویژگی- های این کودکان، عاملی است که انجام پژوهش در زمینه بررسی ویژگی های زبانی مربوط به درک و تولید این کودکان در زبان ها­ی مختلف را ضروری می­سازد. برخی از فرضیه ­ها، علت آسیب را مربوط به ساختار زبان ­ها­ می­دانند، این فرضیه­ ها نیز دلیل دیگری است که ضرورت بررسی این آسیب در زبان های مختلف ایجاب می­نماید. جهت بررسی این فرضیات، گام اول شناسایی و آشنا شدن با فرضیه ­های مختلف مطرح در این زمینه است. لذا هدف از این مطالعه دسته­ بندی و بحث و بررسی فرضیه ­های مختلف ارائه شده درباره آسیب ویژه زبانی است.
روش بررسی:
بدین منظور مقاله ­های مربوط به آسیب ویژه زبانی در پایگاه­های اطلاعاتیGoogle scholar ، Science direct وElsevier  از سال1970تا 2014 مورد جستجو قرارگرفته است و 80 مورد از مقاله ­ها که  مرتبط با  فرضیه ­های آسیب ویژه زبانی بودند، در مطالعه حاضر بررسی شده است.
نتیجه ­گیری:
بررسی فرضیه ­های مختلف نشان می ­دهد با تحول نظریه­ های زبانی، فرضیه­ ها تغییر یافته و گاه فرضیه­ های جدیدی مطرح شده است. درضمن م ی­توانیم فرضیه ­های مختلف مطرح شده را با دیدگاه­ های مختلف دسته ‌بندی و بررسی کنیم یا با توجه به نوع زبان، فرضیه خاصی را مورد آزمون قرار دهیم.

کلیدواژه‌ها

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