موارد آسیب سیستم دهلیزی در افراد کم شنوایی حسی عصبی

نوع مقاله: مقاله مروری

نویسندگان

1 استادیار، دکتری تخصصی شنوایی شناسی، گروه شنوایی شناسی، دانشکده علوم پیراپزشکی، دانشگاه علوم پزشکی مشهد، مشهد، ایران

2 دانشیار، گروه شنوایی شناسی، مرکز تحقیقات توانبخشی، دانشکده علوم توانبخشی، دانشگاه علوم پزشکی ایران، تهران، ایران

چکیده

هدف:
در بیماری های مختلف سیستم شنوایی ممکن است آسیب سیستم دهلیزی نیز مشاهده گردد. در این مقاله، در نظر داریم که به بررسی مقالات مرتبط با رابطه آسیب سیستم شنوایی و سیستم دهلیزی با تاکید بر عملکرد اندام اتولیت بپردازیم.
روش بررسی:
مقالات مرتبط با رابطه آسیب سیستم شنوایی و سیستم دهلیزی در پایگاه های PubMed،Web of Science و Scopus مورد بررسی قرار گرفتند و مقالاتی مورد استفاده قرار گرفتند که از آزمون های مناسبی برای بررسی سیستم دهلیزی استفاده کرده بودند.
یافته ها:
نتایج آزمون های متعدد سیستم دهلیزی نشان دهنده وجود آسیب در موارد کم شنوایی حسی عصبی بود اما میزان درصد افراد دارای آسیب بسته به اندام دهلیزی مورد ارزیابی و آزمون مورد استفاده متفاوت بود.
نتیجه گیری:
بین آسیب سیستم شنوایی و آسیب سیستم دهلیزی رابطه وجود دارد. در موارد کم شنوایی حسی عصبی مناطق مختلف سیستم دهلیزی دچار آسیب می گردند اما این آسیب بیشتر در مناطق اندام های اتولیت و مخصوصا ساکول قابل مشاهده می باشد که یکی از دلایل مطرح شده برای این موضوع می تواند مجاورت فیزیکی این عضو به ساختار های شنوایی و مخصوصا حلزون باشد.

کلیدواژه‌ها

موضوعات


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